Kosharnaya Galina Borisovna, Doctor of sociological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of sociology and human resource management, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Karimova Lyudmila Fedorovna, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background.Transformation of the social structure of the modern Russian society causes the necessity of studying basic approaches to measuring the level of poverty. The article is aimed at determination of theoretical and methodological basis of measuring the level of poverty of the lower stratum of population.
Materials and methods. Realization of the set objectives was achieved through using tha database of the Russian monitoring of economic condition and country’s population health and through researching public opinion on the level of life in Russia carried out by the Analytical center of Yury Levada in 2010 and 2012. Special attention is paid to the absolute, relative and subjective approaches as the methods of quantitative analysis of the level of life of the lower stratum of population.
Results. The researchers analyzed the basic approaches to determination and measuring of the level of poverty in modern Russia. On the basis of the secondary analysis of sociological researches the authors introduce the dynamics of numbers of the poor revealed via various approaches.
Conclusions. The analysis of the basic approaches to measuring the level of poverty in modern Russia gives no univocal results. Therefore, in order to obtain more precise results it is necessary to apply a combined method of researching poverty based on combination of three approaches: absolute, relative and subjective.
poverty, level of life, living wage, absolute poverty, relative poverty, subjective poverty, deprivation.
1. Gorshkov M. K. Bednost' i neravenstva v sovremennoy Rossii: 10 let spustya: Analiticheskiy doklad [Poverty and inequalities in modern Russia: 10 years later: Analytical report]. Moscow: RAN, In-t sotsiologii, 2013.
2. Lapin N. I. Empiricheskaya sotsiologiya v Zapadnoy Evrope [Emperical sociology in Western Europe]. Moscow: GU VShE, 2004.
3. Dzheri D., Dzheri Dzh. Bol'shoy tolkovyy sotsiologicheskiy slovar': per. s angl. [Great explanatory sociological dictionary: translation from English]. Moscow: Veche, AST, 2001, vol. 1.
4. Fakhrutdinova E. V., Khusnutdinova L. M. Ekonomicheskie nauki [Economic sciences]. 2011, no. 12.
5. Rimashevskaya N. M. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological research]. 2004, no. 4.
6. Sazanov I. S. Istoricheskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki. Kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki [Historical, political and huridical sciences. Culture science and art study]. 2012, no. 12 (26), part 2.
7. Shchanina E. V. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences]. 2013, no. 1 (25).
8. Townsend P. The international analysis of poverty. New York: Harvester Wheatsceaf, 1993.
9. Ovcharova L. N. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie podkhody k otsenke urovnya, profilya i faktorov bednosti: rossiyskiy i mezhdunarodnyy opyt [Theoretical and practical approach to estimating the level, profile and factors of poverty: Russian and international experience]. Moscow: M-Studio, 2009.
10. Tikhonova N.E., Davydova N.M., Popova I.P.Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya[Sociological research].2004,no.6.
11. Slobodenyuk E. D., Tikhonova N. E. Sotsiologiya: 4M. [Sociology]. 2011, no. 33.