Article 14413

Title of the article



Kosharnaya Galina Borisovna, Doctor of sociological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of sociology and human resource management, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),
Karimova Lyudmila Fedorovna, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), 

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Background.Transformation of the social structure of the modern Russian society causes the necessity of studying basic approaches to measuring the level of poverty. The article is aimed at determination of theoretical and methodological basis of measuring the level of poverty of the lower stratum of population.
Materials and methods. Realization of the set objectives was achieved through using tha database of the Russian monitoring of economic condition and country’s population health and through researching public opinion on the level of life in Russia carried out by the Analytical center of Yury Levada in 2010 and 2012. Special attention is paid to the absolute, relative and subjective approaches as the methods of quantitative analysis of the level of life of the lower stratum of population.
Results. The researchers analyzed the basic approaches to determination and measuring of the level of poverty in modern Russia. On the basis of the secondary analysis of sociological researches the authors introduce the dynamics of numbers of the poor revealed via various approaches.
Conclusions. The analysis of the basic approaches to measuring the level of poverty in modern Russia gives no univocal results. Therefore, in order to obtain more precise results it is necessary to apply a combined method of researching poverty based on combination of three approaches: absolute, relative and subjective. 

Key words

poverty, level of life, living wage, absolute poverty, relative poverty, subjective poverty, deprivation. 

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Дата создания: 25.09.2014 23:06
Дата обновления: 26.09.2014 11:55